8 BC – Julius Caesar defeated Pompey Magnus at the Battle of Pharsalus, solidifying his control over the Roman Republic.
1483 – Opening of the Sistine Chapel.
1942 – British Raj authorities arrested Mahatma Gandhi and various leaders of the Congress Party, beginning the suppression of the Quit India Movement.
1945 – World War II: USAAF bomber Bockscar dropped an atomic bomb named “Fat Man”, devastating Nagasaki, Japan.
1969 – Followers of cult leader Charles Manson brutally murdered pregnant actress Sharon Tate and four others in her Benedict Canyon, Los Angeles home. :(
1974 – As a direct result of the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon becomes the first President of the United States to resign from office. His Vice President, Gerald Ford, becomes president.